How is ‘chakra’ pronounced?

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Please stay till the end! But first let’s back it up to make sure we are all on the same page.
๐—™๐—ถ๐—ฟ๐˜€๐˜๐—น๐˜†, ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ถ๐˜€ ๐—ฆ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜€๐—ธ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜?
Sanskrit is an ancient language originating in South Asia. It is the language that yoga was written down in and uses the Devanฤgarฤซ alphabet (similar to the English language using the Roman alphabet).
For example,
เฅ – Sanskrit with Devanฤgarฤซ alphabet
Om – English with Roman alphabet
๐—ฆ๐—ฒ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—น๐˜†, ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ถ๐˜€ ‘๐—ฐ๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ธ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ?’
Chakra is a Sanskrit term which translates to ‘wheel.’ A context you may have heard this used in is referring the energy centers of your body.
So how is ‘๐—ฐ๐—ตakra’ pronounced? You may have heard it like “๐—ฐ๐—ตeese” or perhaps like “๐˜€๐—ตeep,” which is correct?
To answer this question we look to the International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (IAST) which offers a method of converting Indic scripts (such as Sanskrit) into Roman scripts with diacritics (i.e. dots, hyphens, accents). This retains important pronunciation information that would otherwise be lost.
For example,
เฅ – Sanskrit with Devanฤgarฤซ alphabet
Om – English with Roman alphabet
Oแนƒ – IAST alphabet
When we do our research, we find that ‘๐—–๐—ฎkra’ is pronounced like ‘๐—ฐ๐—ตeese.’
Wait..where did the ‘h’ go from ‘cakra?’
We often see a letter ‘h’ in the word cakra, likely added to help English speakers pronounce it correctly; but of course different languages using the Roman alphabet pronounce ‘ch’ differently, thus leading to confusion and error over time.
If I would have written ‘Cakra’ in the picture, would you have read ‘kakra?’
๐™„๐™ฃ ๐™ข๐™ฎ ๐™ค๐™ฅ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ, ๐™ช๐™จ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™„๐˜ผ๐™Ž๐™ ๐™ž๐™จ ๐™–๐™ฃ ๐™ž๐™ข๐™ฅ๐™ค๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ฉ ๐™จ๐™ฉ๐™š๐™ฅ ๐™ž๐™ฃ ๐™๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™ค๐™ช๐™ง๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™ง๐™ค๐™ค๐™ฉ๐™จ ๐™ค๐™› ๐™ฎ๐™ค๐™œ๐™–.
๐—˜๐—ป๐—ด๐—น๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ต-๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐˜†๐—ผ๐—ด๐—ฎ ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐˜€ ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ๐—ป๐—ผ๐˜„๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฑ๐—ด๐—ฒ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—น๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜‡๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฑ ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐˜๐—ผ๐—ผ๐—ธ ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—œ๐—ป๐—ฑ๐—ถ๐—ฎ ๐—ฏ๐˜† ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—˜๐—ป๐—ด๐—น๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ต-๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ธ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—•๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ต ๐˜€๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐—ณ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐Ÿญ๐Ÿฒ๐Ÿฌ๐Ÿฌ’๐˜€ with the formation of the East India Company. The impacts of this colonization were vast, one of which was that Indians were often forced to complete their yoga practice in secret – a practice that English-speakers in the West today largely feel entitled to. So entitled in fact, that we often don’t bother to learn much about it.
When we put in the effort to learn correct writing and pronunciation of the language of yoga, we honour the roots of yoga and give power back to the lineage from which it was taken.
๐™๐™๐™š๐™จ๐™š ๐™š๐™›๐™›๐™ค๐™ง๐™ฉ๐™จ ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™ง๐™ž๐™—๐™ช๐™ฉ๐™š ๐™ฉ๐™ค ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™ช๐™š๐™™ ๐™™๐™ž๐™จ๐™ข๐™–๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™ก๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ ๐™ค๐™› ๐™ฎ๐™ฉ ๐™จ๐™ช๐™ฅ๐™ง๐™š๐™ข๐™–๐™˜๐™ž๐™จ๐™ฉ ๐™™๐™š๐™ก๐™ช๐™จ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ, ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™ฉ๐™๐™š ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™ช๐™š๐™™ ๐™—๐™ก๐™ค๐™จ๐™จ๐™ค๐™ข๐™ž๐™ฃ๐™œ ๐™ค๐™› ๐™ค๐™ช๐™ง ๐™ค๐™ฌ๐™ฃ ๐™ฅ๐™š๐™ง๐™จ๐™ค๐™ฃ๐™–๐™ก ๐™–๐™ฃ๐™™ ๐™˜๐™ค๐™ก๐™ก๐™š๐™˜๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ซ๐™š ๐™ก๐™ž๐™—๐™š๐™ง๐™–๐™ฉ๐™ž๐™ค๐™ฃ.
So next time you use a Sanskrit word, I invite you to take time to look it up and learn the correct spelling and pronunciation according to the IAST.
I appreciate that this may be an inconvenience for you.
๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ฒ๐—บ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฎ๐˜ ๐—ฎ๐—ป๐˜†๐˜๐—ถ๐—บ๐—ฒ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ถ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ, ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚ ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ด๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—ฏ๐—ฎ๐—ฐ๐—ธ ๐˜†๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ฟ ๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐—ฟ๐—ป๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐˜„๐—ฒ๐—ฟ ๐˜๐—ผ ๐˜๐—ต๐—ฒ ๐—ฝ๐—ฒ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—น๐—ฒ ๐˜„๐—ต๐—ผ ๐—ถ๐˜ ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜€ ๐˜๐—ฎ๐—ธ๐—ฒ๐—ป ๐—ฎ๐˜„๐—ฎ๐˜† ๐—ณ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—บ.
This is our dismantling work, and it is vital.
Happy researching! Sending you love,
Tฤrฤ
How is ‘chakra’ pronounced? – From The Hearth